Internal Medicine Primary Care, P. A.

Internal Medicine & Primary Care located in Flowood, MS

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a common issue among Americans, affecting more than 50% of adults. To get screened for high blood pressure, visit Imad Tahboub, MD, at Internal Medicine Primary Care, PA, in Flowood, Mississippi. Dr. Tahboub offers personalized and compassionate care to help lower your blood pressure and reduce your risk of complications like a heart attack or stroke. Set up a blood pressure screening today by calling the office or booking online.

Hypertension Q & A

What is hypertension?

Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure. Blood pressure is the measurement of the amount of pressure your blood flow exerts on your blood vessel walls as it flows through your bloodstream.

Normal blood pressure is any blood pressure reading below 120/80 mm Hg. Elevated blood pressure is any reading between 120/80 mm Hg and 139/90 mm Hg. High blood pressure is diagnosed when your reading is above 140/90 mm Hg.

Severe high blood pressure occurs at 200/120 mm Hg and creates a condition called a hypertensive crisis, which can lead to a stroke or heart attack.

What are the symptoms of hypertension?

While hypertension might not cause any symptoms, it’s possible that you could experience:

  • Headaches
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nosebleeds
  • A pounding sensation in your chest

Since these symptoms aren’t specific and can be confused with other conditions, it’s essential to get a checkup from Dr. Tahboub so that he can measure your blood pressure.

What causes hypertension?

The two types of high blood pressure are primary and secondary hypertension. Primary hypertension isn’t caused by any other medical condition and can be the result of stress or poor lifestyle habits, though there might be no known cause.

Secondary hypertension occurs due to another medical condition. Conditions that can cause secondary hypertension include:

  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Kidney problems
  • Adrenal gland tumors
  • Thyroid disease

Certain medications, including birth control pills and over-the-counter pain relievers, can increase your blood pressure. If this is the case for you, Dr. Tahboub will recommend alternative medications to help you avoid high blood pressure symptoms and complications.

How is hypertension diagnosed?

Hypertension is diagnosed by a simple blood pressure reading using a manual or automatic blood pressure cuff. This test takes less than a minute and can be repeated as needed to ensure your blood pressure reading is accurate.

If Dr. Tahboub finds that you have hypertension, he will recommend follow-up visits to monitor your blood pressure every 3-6 months and provide appropriate treatment when needed.

How is hypertension treated?

Treatment for hypertension depends on the cause of your high blood pressure and how high your measurement is during your exam. For mild to moderate cases, including cases of elevated blood pressure, Dr. Tahboub recommends lifestyle changes like increasing your exercise, losing weight, and/or quitting smoking.

If lifestyle changes aren’t enough or your condition is more severe, Dr. Tahboub prescribes blood pressure-lowering medications.

To get your blood pressure checked, schedule a visit by phone or online now at Internal Medicine Primary Care.

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