Diabetes

Internal Medicine Primary Care, P. A.

Internal Medicine & Primary Care located in Flowood, MS

More than 30.3 million people in the United States have diabetes, though 1 in 4 of them don’t know they have it. To get tested for diabetes and receive treatment when you need it, visit Internal Medicine Primary Care, PA, in Flowood, Mississippi. Imad Tahboub, MD, offers comprehensive diabetes testing and treatment for adults of all ages so you can live your healthiest life possible. To schedule an exam today, call or book online using the scheduling tool.

Diabetes Q & A

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

Diabetes symptoms occur when your body can’t normally regulate your blood sugar levels. Common symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Frequent urination
  • Increased hunger
  • Increased thirst
  • Numbness and tingling in the hands and feet
  • Weight gain
  • Vision problems

These symptoms typically develop over time, though you can have a condition called prediabetes for months or years before you develop Type 2 diabetes, also called diabetes mellitus.

What causes diabetes?

Diabetes occurs when your body is unable to absorb sugar from the foods you eat. This sugar is broken down from carbohydrates, including grains, bread products, and starchy foods, and enters your bloodstream to provide energy to your cells.

Normally, your pancreas produces a chemical called insulin which helps your cells absorb the sugar in your blood. If your pancreas stops producing insulin or your body becomes resistant to insulin, you develop diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes appears most often in children when the pancreas stops producing insulin.

Type 2 diabetes develops most often in adults, though it can occur in children, and is the result of insulin resistance.

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs due to insulin resistance during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes requires treatment to protect the health of mother and baby, though it often resolves after giving birth.

How is diabetes diagnosed?

A number of tests can diagnose diabetes and measure your blood sugar levels. These tests are:

Fasting plasma glucose test

This test checks your blood sugar levels after fasting for eight hours.

A1C test

This test measures your average blood sugar levels over three months.

Random plasma glucose test

This test involves collecting a sample of blood by pricking your finger and measuring your blood sugar level.

Glucose tolerance test

This test is generally performed during pregnancy and involves drinking a glucose beverage on an empty stomach, then measuring your blood sugar level one hour later.

Dr. Tahboub recommends the most appropriate type of test based on your symptoms, overall health, age, and lifestyle to determine your diagnosis.

How is diabetes treated?

Type 1 diabetes and some cases of Type 2 diabetes require the use of prescription insulin to allow your body to absorb sugar. For other cases of Type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes, Dr. Tahboub will first recommend you follow a healthy diet, increase your exercise, and take blood sugar-lowering medications.

Schedule a diabetes screening online or by phone now at Internal Medicine Primary Care.

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